Fourier Theory on the Complex Plane II
Weak Convergence, Classification and
Factorization of Singularities

Jorge L. deLyra

Department of Mathematical Physics, Physics Institute, University of São Paulo

April 27, 2015


The convergence of DP Fourier series which are neither strongly convergent nor strongly divergent is discussed in terms of the Taylor series of the corresponding inner analytic functions. These are the cases in which the maximum disk of convergence of the Taylor series of the inner analytic function is the open unit disk. An essentially complete classification, in terms of the singularity structure of the corresponding inner analytic functions, of the modes of convergence of a large class of DP Fourier series, is established. Given a weakly convergent Fourier series of a DP real function, it is shown how to generate from it other expressions involving trigonometric series, that converge to that same function, but with much better convergence characteristics. This is done by a procedure of factoring out the singularities of the corresponding inner analytic function, and works even for divergent Fourier series. This can be interpreted as a resummation technique, which is firmly anchored by the underlying analytic structure.